A Glossary of Hemp Terms

If you’ve had any experience with using hemp or cannabis (or even if you haven’t), you’ll know that since hemp is from the same plant family as cannabis it often gets thrown into the same subculture and terminology bucket.  At this point, the laws of each are completely different. Hemp is federally legal while cannabis is not, hemp is not psychoactive, and the THC component of cannabis is.  However, even so, many words do parallel the cannabis subculture and can take some explaining.  There’s a lot to learn when you’re first diving into (or just deepening your relationship to) the world of hemp, but we are here to help. 


There are more than 113 known cannabinoids found in hemp—the chemical compounds unique to the plant. CBD, and CBN are the most widely known. CBG is also really increasing in popularity for its benefits with falling asleep.

Cannabinoid and Terpene Profile

The mix of compounds – cannabinoids and terpenes – found in a strain of hemp. Identifying their cannabinoid and terpene profile means understanding how to properly classify plants and what they can best be used for.

CBD / Cannabidiol

The dominant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in hemp and is known for its ability to manage pain, increase calm, and reduce inflammation, as well as help with a host of other benefits.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate is cannabidiol that is isolated from all other cannabinoids which are removed. 

CBD Cosmetics

CBD Cosmetics are cosmetic products that are infused with hemp concentrate.  They can be in the form of hemp spray, CBD Bath Bombs, CBD body scrub or CBD body sprays and other CBD cosmetic products.

CBD Bath Bombs

CBD Bath Bombs are a mixture of CBD concentrate and other ingredients that when dropped in a bath dissolve and go to work to restore and rejuvenate, like OOOH and AAAH CBD Bath Bombs from Madrigal Creatives.  The benefits of CBD bath bombs are many when warm water releases essential oils and CBD to promote restorative benefits of both body and mind. 

CBD for Athletes

This is considered an application of CBD.  As the benefits of CBD for athletes and athletic performance are becoming more known due to CBD’s natural anti-inflammatory and healing properties, athletes are enjoying the benefits of CBD in  multiple forms, from hemp spray and CBD bath bombs to CBD gel and roll-on for pain relief. 


A cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant that is known for its pain-relieving and sedative qualities.  Researchers have determined that a dose of CBN is great with assisting in falling asleep.  It is also known as an antibacterial and can even modify appetite.


Any infused food or drink, including gummies, cookies, sodas, brownies, olive oil, and more. As CBD gains in popularity, many edible combinations are being developed. While the effect from edibles that are oil based or infused into food take longer to feel—typically between one to two hours—it can result in a more intense feeling that often lasts longer, primarily because cannabinoids need to first pass through the gastrointestinal tract and ultimately, through the liver.  Water soluble applications, like Calm hemp spray from Madrigal Creatives, work faster.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a network of receptors and compounds found in every mammal. The ECS is there to maintain the body’s equilibrium, or homeostasis, which regulates internal chemical balance, pain, appetite, sleep, immune function, neurogenesis, stress. The ECS is also what interacts directly with the Phyto-cannabinoids found in hemp.

Entourage Effect

The concept that the compounds found in the hemp plant—cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids—interact harmoniously and symbiotically so that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts when it comes to the medicinal effect of the plant. At Madrigal Creatives, we refer to this as much like a “madrigal” – the orchestrated and harmonious result of many voices, and the inspiration for our name.  This is why we, along with hemp and cannabis advocates, encourage users to seek full spectrum CBD rather than CBD isolate, which, by comparison, is more one-dimensional.


Extraction is the process of taking the hemp plant parts and extracting down to a concentrated form of cannabinoids that we find in hemp concentrates, often just referenced as “CBD”


A way of referring to the part of the hemp plant that forms the bud. Hemp flower is made into teas and is also smoked. 

Full Spectrum

Full spectrum refers to any CBD extract or substance that contains the full suite of cannabinoids, terpenes, plant matter and flavonoids from the plant, rather than the singular CBD isolate. See Entourage Effect.


A plant with less than 0.3 percent THC. Hemp is known to have a profound impact on health and wellness.  It is also incredibly versatile, with the potential to more healthily replace plastics, wood, other building and commodities, and countless other uses.

Strain vs Cultivar vs Varietal

Because of the continued hybridization of the hemp plant, people are moving towards using the terms “cultivar” or “varietal” in order to emphasize the potency of cannabinoids and the terpene profile found within each plant. Like cannabis, hemp is also characterized by strain such as uplifting like a Sativa or relaxing like an Indica.


A method of consuming by placing hemp extract in one’s mouth.  Up until recently, hemp oil-based tinctures were typically used in this manner.  Due to significant innovation in the industry, water soluble hemp spray, also consumed orally, is becoming more and more common, and are fast acting. Madrigal Creatives water-soluble hemp sprays are tasteless and fast absorbing and are specially formulated for both humans, and pain relief spray for dogs and cats and relaxing spray for dogs and cats.  


A topical is a hemp concentrate product made to be absorbed through the skin.  Madrigal Creatives Relieve Plus! Gel and roll-on pain relieving and wellness products as well as Boost and Soothe Body Sprays are great examples of high-performance topicals known to treat everything from injuries and muscle pain, to dry skin and psoriasis.  Madrigal Creatives CBD bath bombs, OOOH and AAAH, are also fast-acting topicals that also offer soothing relief, calm and restorative benefits.


A family of compounds (along with cannabinoids and flavonoids) found in the cannabis plant. Terpenes are aromatic hydrocarbons secreted in the trichomes of the flower. They are responsible for the unique fragrance of each plant varietal and are known to have therapeutic effects.  Madrigal Creatives believes extensively in the power of terpenes and include terpene and proprietary terpene blends into our formulations for a more impactful experience.

Tetrahydrocannabinol / THC

Also called Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinoid, THC is the most well-known psychoactive compound found in cannabis. It is known for inducing a euphoric high synonymous with most people’s understanding of the plant, but it also known to have medicinal benefits of its own, including lessening nausea, combating insomnia, pain relief, and easing the symptoms of PTSD.  Madrigal Creatives CBD infused products are derived from heirloom quality hemp and are by law required to contain no more than 0.3 percent THC.

Water Soluble Hemp

Water soluble hemp means hemp that dissolves in water.  Hemp concentrate is an oil-based substance and therefore does not mix easily with water nor is it absorbed easily by the body.  Extraction processes that change hemp concentrate into a water-soluble form increase absorption and efficacy.  All ingestible and sublingual products from Madrigal Creatives are considered water soluble.


More about Madrigal Creatives

Madrigal Creatives is dedicated to discovering and producing innovative formulations of full-spectrum CBD products targeted to meet most frequently desired health and wellness needs.  Visit us at www.MadrigalCreatives.com to view our entire high-performing collection.  Or, drop us DM at support@madrigalcreatives if you have a specific questions about hemp, our products or how we can assist you in making the right choice to experience the benefits if Living More.